Emmaleena Käkelä is a Research Associate in the UK Team. She has a PhD in Social Policy and MSc in Applied Social and Educational Research (University of Strathclyde) and MA Hons in Human Geography and Religious Studies (University of Glasgow). Her recently completed participatory PhD research examined refugee women’s changing vulnerabilities to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) and other forms of gender-based violence from a migration perspective. She has worked as a researcher on ESRC and AMIF funded projects on migrant integration, belonging and citizenship, as well as on projects covering gender-based and interpersonal violence funded by the Scottish Government and Police Scotland. Her wider research interests are in the areas of forced migration and asylum, gendered and racial inequalities and the relationship between gender-based and structural forms of violence.